Kamis, 24 November 2011

Titanium Strong and Light Metal for Jewelry

Titanium (Ti) is the metal that has a mild properties (density 4.51g/cm3), strong and corrosion resistant, and more resistant to heat because it will melt at a temperature of 16700C. Unlike the iron, melts at a temperature equal 114700C. Titanium light like aluminum but stronger than steel. The form will not change even been used in the time long period  enough.

Titanium is found in Cornwall, England, by William Gregor in 1791 and named by Martin Heinrich Klaproth for the Titans of Greek mythology.

All commercially titanium metal 
produced from TiCl4 (titanium tetrachloride), an intermediate produced during the chlorination process for titantium oxide pigments. This process involves chlorination of ore concentrates; TiO2 with chlorine gas (Cl 2) and coke (carbon, C) in a fluidized bed reactor-pure form of titanium tetrachloride. Titanium tetrachloride is reacted with magnesium (Mg) or sodium (Na) to form a pure metal called sponge. Next sponge, alloying additions, and scrap is mixed, then compressed to form a sponge electrodes. Electrode is then withdrawn to form a pure Titanium through an electrochemical process.

Titanium is used in many fields such as automotive industry,
Chemical Processing, Petroleum,
 Aviation, health, as a mixture of metals and alloys are also widely used as jewelry.

Wearing jewelry with titanium base material, not to worry when outdoors activities, such as in swimming pools because titanium is resistant to any strong chemicals, including substances commonly found in clorine water in the pool.

Today, titanium is the best material to be made ​​as one of the jewels of high quality and durable. Examples of jewelry made of titanium can be viewed as shown below:


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